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(1) An illness that occurs following a streptococcus infection (such as a “strep throat”) or scarlet fever and predominantly affects children. Symptoms include fever, pain in the joints, nausea, stomach cramps, and vomiting. Rheumatic fever can cause long-lasting effects in the skin, joints, heart, and brain.

Rheumatic fever may be followed by Sydenham's chorea and by symptoms characteristic of obsessive-compulsive disorder or a tic disorder.

The diagnosis of rheumatic fever is made by history and observation. A blood marker has recently been found for rheumatic fever, but a test is not yet commercially available.

Treatment is usually by prophylactic antibiotics, as recurrence is common and can cause further damage to body tissues.

Common Misspellings: rheumatic feaver

(2) An inflammatory illness that occurs as a delayed sequela of group A streptococcal infection

Major criteria: carditis, polyarthritis, chorea, subcutaneous nodules, and erythema marginatum

Minor criteria: a) previous rheumatic fever or rheumatic heart disease; b) arthralgia; c) fever; d) elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate, positive C-reactive protein, or leukocytosis; and e) prolonged PR interval on an electrocardiogram

glossary/rheumatic_fever.txt · Last modified: 2012/10/16 14:40 (external edit)